Osteomyelitis refers to an
infection of bone. It most commonly occurs as a result of an open wound or
spreads from a blood borne infection. Pre-existing medical conditions such as
Diabetes and other chronic diseases that suppress immunosuppression can
increase the risk of infection.
Osteomyelitis Symptoms and Anatomy
Acute osteomyelitis develops rapidly over a period of seven to 10 days. The symptoms for acute and chronic osteomyelitis are very similar and include:
- Fever, irritability, fatigue
- Tenderness, redness, and warmth in the area of the infection
- Swelling around the affected bone
- Loss of range of motion of the joints.
Osteomyelitis Treatment Options
Initial treatment is with antibiotics either orally and/or through intravenous means and may be required for several weeks. The antibiotic choice is based upon cultures /bone biopsy. Open wounds are cleansed regularly and checked for healing. Response to antibiotics is monitored with blood tests
Surgery may be required to remove infected bone or any metallic implants if present.