The cervical spine or neck is made up of 7 vertebrae (C1-C7).  The cervical vertebrae work with the muscles, joints, ligaments and tendons to provide support, structure and stabilization to the neck.  They also support the weight of the head. 

  • Rotation – Moving the head from side to side.  Most rotation of the neck takes place in the first two vertebrae – C1 and C2.
  • Flexion- Moving the head forward
  • Extension – Moving the head from side to side

Most flexion and extension movements in the neck are controlled by the C5, C6 and C7 vertebrae.

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